Node.js Security Framework

In this blog post, I'm documenting the framework that I've built on top of Node.js in 2015. I named the framework "Secutil" from the two words "Security" and "Utilities" that combined together.

Security middleware in Node.js provides you the best pracitices of the security weapons. Latest version: 1.0.1, last published: 7 years ago. Start using secutil in your project by running `npm i secutil`. There are no other projects in the npm registry using secutil.

Secuitl Security middleware in Node.js that provides you the security weapons.

The way that SecUtil was implemented is to depend on well-known and reliable modules found in NPM with the largest amount of installations and rates.

SecUtil is a Node.js module, and it can be used by the developers to give their Node.js applications the common security aspects.

SecUtil intended to exist as a security middleware that contains as much as of the security functionalities in one module that can be installed from NPM, SecUtil aimed to reduce the development time cost by adding the security functionalities in Node.js web application since many of the security aspects can be provided in this proposed framework.


  npm install secutil 


  • Generate Tokens.
  • Data Encryption.
  • Data Decryption.
  • Escape HTML.
  • Escape HTML Attributes.
  • Encode JavaScript String.
  • Encode CSS String.
  • Forever Module.
  • Schema Validator.
  • Console Logging.
  • Winston Logging.
  • XSS Protection Header.


  var secUtil = require("secutil");

Data Hiding APIs

The implementation of the data hiding functionalities depend on two modules. The first module is Crypto which is provided by default on Node.js. The second is jwt-simple, which is a popular module that wraps Crypto’s APIs to encode and decode data, in simple calls.

The implementation of the Token API in SecUtil supports the following cryptographic hashing algorithms: MD5, SHA1, and SHA256. Furthermore the encryption APIs supports the cryptographic algorithms: AES256, HS512, and RS256.

SecUtil provide three simple APIs for the encoding and decoding:

  1. Token: algorithm name and payload should be passed as parameters.
  2. Encrypt: algorithm name, secret key, and payload should be passed as parameters.
  3. Decrypt: algorithm name, secret key, and payload should be passed as parameters.
  var secUtil = require("secutil");
  var content = "1234567890";

    // Token
    var data = secUtil.token("md5",content)
    console.log("Token (MD5): " + data);

    var data = secUtil.token("sha1",content)
    console.log("Token (SHA1): " + data);

    var data = secUtil.token("sha256",content)
    console.log("Token (SHA256): " + data);

    // Encrypt / Decrypt
    var data = secUtil.encrypt("aes256","key",content);
    console.log("Encrypt (AES256): " + data);

    var data = secUtil.decrypt("aes256","key",data);
    console.log("Decrypt (AES256): " + data);

    var data = secUtil.encrypt("HS512","key",content);
    console.log("Encrypt (HS512): " + data);

    var data = secUtil.decrypt("HS512","key",data);
    console.log("Decrypt (HS512): " + data);

Code Injection Prevention APIs

SecUtil provides APIs to mitigate from the code injection attacks that target Node.js web applications, as OWSAP introduced to prevent form XSS attack, SecUtil implemented these techniques and exported them through its APIs.

SecUtil provides the following APIs to mitigate code injection attacks:

  1. escapeHTML: HTML string should be passed as parameter.
  2. escapeHTMLAttribute: attribute values should be passed as string parameter.
  3. encodeJavaScriptString: JavaScript string should be passed as parameter.
  4. encodeJavaScriptData: JavaScript object should be passed as parameter.
  5. encodeCSSString: CSS string should be passed as parameter.
      var secUtil = require("secutil");

    var data = secUtil.escapeHTML("&<>\"'/");
    console.log("Escape html:&<>\"'/ with: " + data);

    var data = secUtil.escapeHTMLAttribute("\n\t\"");
    console.log("Escape html attributes :&<>\"'/ with: " + data);

    var data = secUtil.encodeJavaScriptString("\n\t\"\u2028\u2029");
    console.log("Encode javascript string: " + data);

    var data = secUtil.encodeCSSString("\n\t\"");
    console.log("Encode CSS string: " + data);

Exporting Forever Module in SecUtil

SecUtil considers the reliability of Node.js web application by exporting forever-monitor module APIs. This module is responsible to keep the service alive and keeps the application running in the production environment.

      var secUtil = require("secutil");

      var child = new (secUtil.forever.Monitor)('index.js', {
    max: 3,
    silent: true,
    args: []

  child.on('exit', function () {
    console.log('your-filename.js has exited after 3 restarts');


Validations API in SecUtil

The most common web application security flaw is the failure to correctly validate input from the users. This section discussed the API that SecUtil provides to add the validations to Node.js application, SecUtil wraps jsonschema module and exports the validator object through its APIs.

    var secUtil = require("secutil");

    var Validator = secUtil.validator;
    var v = new Validator();

  // Address, to be embedded on Person 
  var addressSchema = {
    "id": "/SimpleAddress",
    "type": "object",
    "properties": {
      "lines": {
        "type": "array",
        "items": {"type": "string"}
      "zip": {"type": "string"},
      "city": {"type": "string"},
      "country": {"type": "string", "required": true}

  // Person 
  var schema = {
    "id": "/SimplePerson",
    "type": "object",
    "properties": {
      "name": {"type": "string"},
      "address": {"$ref": "/SimpleAddress"},
      "votes": {"type": "integer", "minimum": 1}

  var p = {
    "name": "Barack Obama",
    "address": {
      "lines": [ "1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest" ],
      "zip": "DC 20500",
      "city": "Washington",
      "country": "USA"
    "votes": "2"

 v.addSchema(addressSchema, '/SimpleAddress');
 secUtil.consoleLog(v.validate(p, schema).valid);

Logging in SecUtil

Logging is very useful to have in the application. From the security perspective, logs can detect the attacks, also can detect if there is a misuse for the application, moreover logging can detect the errors to enhance the availability of the service.

SecUtil provides the APIs for custom logging in Node.js applications. Custom logging should be consistent within the application and generate log entries that could be logged on file, database, console, or sending emails.

Console Logging

SecUtil provides the developers to log their entries on the console. The difference between the built-in logging using console.log and using the console logging API in SecUtil, is that the logging through SecUtil displays the cluster worked Id, prints the log entries in colors, displays the filename that logged the entry, and display the timestamp of the log.

The console logging API in SecUtil wrapped over the logging module, and exports these module functionalities through the API consoleLog.

      var secUtil = require("secutil");

    secUtil.consoleLog('hello world');

    secUtil.consoleLog('counter', 123);

    secUtil.consoleLog(1, "2", [ 3, 4 ], { 5: 6 }, function() { return 7; }); 
Winston Logging

SecUtil provides the ability for Node.js developers to log and save the entries on storage devices that could be on a local file or a remote database by wrapping Winston module through SecUtil’s APIs.

      var secUtil = require("secutil");

    secUtil.winstonLog.add(secUtil.winstonLog.transports.File, { filename: 'somefile.log' });

    secUtil.winstonLog.log('info', 'Hello distributed log files!');

XSS Protection Header in SecUtil

The X-XSS-Protection HTTP header is simple protection against cross-site scripting attacks. It was originally adopted by Microsoft but Chrome has since adopted it as well. SecUtil provides the API to protect Node.js applications from XSS by setting X-XSS-Protection in the header response.

      var secUtil = require("secutil");



   node test\index.js

Release History

  • 1.0.0 Initial release

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